anatomy is an important
part of treating sports injuries. While hip injuries are not the most
common sports injury, the anatomy of the hip can play an important role
in treating other injuries. Below you will find more information on the
hip muscles, hip bones, and hip ligaments.
hip joint is made up of the articulation of the femur and the
acetabulum. The acetabulum is the actual socket of the hip, and it is
made up of three different bones that are fused together to form the
During development,the ilium,
pubis are distinct from each other, but they fuse together as you
mature into adulthood.
The bones of the hip allow
muscle attachments, and so we will look at a few specific spots on the
hip where muscles attach.
Anterior Superior Iliac Spine or ASIS is an area of attachment. This is
the most prominent part of the hip bone in the front of the body, and
you can usually feel this part of the hip bones sticking out.
ischial tuberosity is where the hamstrings attach, and it is the bone
that you sit on. The greater trochanter of the femur is also an area of
your hip where you can feel the boney prominence.
The hip joint is a true ball and socket joint, made
up the innominate bone and the femur. It much more stable than the
shoulder, but it does not allow for as much motion. The head of the
femur is kept in the socket by the ligaments of the hip. There are
three primary ligaments, and they run along the front and back sides of
the hip joint. The iliofemoral and pubofemoral ligaments run along the
front of the hip, and the ischiofemoral runs along the posterior or
back side of the joint. These ligaments are not usually injured with
sports activities, however, tightness in these ligaments can cause
motion restrictions and can contribute to injuries like patella femoral syndrome
There are lots of different
muscles at the hip. Many
of these are small intrinsic muscles that help to stabilize the hip
joint. These small muscles are rarely injured with sports.
are several large
muscles at the hip that are very important with sports injuries, and
can often be hurt. The hip flexors, or the rectus femoris and the
iliopsoas are two very commonly injured hip muscles. The rectus femoris
is one of the quadriceps, and it runs from the ASIS to the patella. The
iliopsoas runs from the lumbar spine and the innominate bone down to
the femur. They both help to flex the hip.
piriformis muscle is another hip muscle that is commonly injured with
sports. This muscle runs along the posterior side of the hip and helps
with external rotation.
The gluteus muscles are
important muscles at the hip, especially the gluteus medius. This
muscle helps with external rotation, and weakness here can contribute
to patella femoral syndrome and patellar tendonitis
fascia lattea and the iliotibial band are common areas for sports
injury. The tensor is a small muscle that runs along the outside of the
hip, and then turns into the IT band as it moves down to the knee. This
is a common area for bursitis
anatomy is an important part of understanding your sports injury,
especially hip injuries. Hip anatomy also plays a large role in
treating other injuries like patella femoral syndrome and patellar
tendonitis, as well as preventing injuries like ACL tears.
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